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What is Earth Potential?

Discussion in 'Electrical | Electronics | Communications' started by naman2511, Sep 29, 2012.

  1. naman2511

    naman2511 Enthusiast

    Engineering Discipline:
    Electrical & Electronics
    I am a graduating electrical engineer. and I was asked this question in Viva - What Do you Mean By Earth Potential? I am pretty clueless about it. Please can someone explain this term?
  2. Kaustubh Katdare


    Engineering Discipline:
    When large amounts of current flows into the ground, then the potential at the point where it enters the ground is different from a distant reference point. It's highest at the point of entry and gradually fades away towards the reference point. It's also called as the earth potential rise.

    This would be more clear once you realize that even the Earth is basically a 'reference' in Electrical engineering. For practical purposes, we tend to consider 'Earth' as a very large body that is at a 'zero' (but it's actually just for the sake of reference) potential for calculations.
  3. krishna c.r.

    krishna c.r. Apprentice

    Engineering Discipline:
    Electronics & Communications
    Earth is usually idealized as an infinite source or sink for charge, which can absorb an unlimited amount of current without changing its potential. Where a real ground connection has a significant resistance, the approximation of zero potential is no longer valid. stray voltages or earth potential rise will effect
  4. Jeffrey Samuel

    Engineering Discipline:
    Earth is mother of all charge

    you may know "Energy not be created but can be transformed " This holds good here pal

    And if it has to be satisfied we have to prove that the charges are not created any where but are drawn from the earth

    This implies the Earth after losing some charges gains potential called as earth's potential

    this is an universal constant
  5. arunchary

    arunchary Addict

    Engineering Discipline:
    Electrical & Electronics
    Exactly jeffrey samuel.i agree with him..earth is an Equi potential place.so its a very big gaining of charge potential,when we touched phase of ac main then we will acts as medium to pass the charges towards earth that's why earth is called as a very potential to take charges. so earth potential is a magic.
  6. Jeffrey Samuel

    Engineering Discipline:
    Logic filled magic here Pal

    Never play with AC supply bare foot and plain ground you may feel the harsher touch of the earth's potential
  7. arunchary

    arunchary Addict

    Engineering Discipline:
    Electrical & Electronics
    yes its exactly my pal...

    LEO GEORGE Newbie

    Engineering Discipline:
    why birds not getting electric shock while they sitting on electric lines & sometimes they get .
  9. [Prototype]

    Engineering Discipline:
    Its due to the fact that they never touch the other wire or ground. They never complete the circuit. There are two wires, live and neutral. If you just touch live wire while floating in air, it will not do anything since you are effectively just high impedance and current will not flow through your body. The moment you touch other wire or ground, you will get a shock because you will fulfill the criteria for current flow i.e. you will connect a high potential with low potential.
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