WiFi 802.11ac Vs. Ethernet Cable - Which Is Faster?
I'm curious to know whether the wireless can beat the ethernet cables. Apple claims that the 802.11ac should be able to do 1.3 Gbps wirelessly. Want to know how does that compare to the standard Ethernet cable? Also - can the wireless ever beat the wired connections?
Jeffrey ArulrajWell Tata Indicom's Chennai Singapore Fiber is estimated @4Gbps
This can't be compared to Wireless transmission in any time
Longer the distance more distorted the wireless data received
Range is limited to increase range power of signal has to be amplified
PS: No one likes to have a tesla coil in their houses to power their Wireless router
With current tech we can't reach further in the wireless domain Research is going to increase their capabilities
Ashraf HZStandard ethernet cables are usually the Cat 5e variant, which can carry bandwidth of up to 1 Gbps theoretically (IEEE 802.3ab), or up to 88% of it practically so far (880 Mbps or 110 MBps) per port. If you start using Cat 6 cables, these support up to 10 Gbps ethernet. Of course, 10 Gbps switches are not yet available for household consumers as they are costly.
Whereas 802.11ac, as with all wireless technologies, need RF ideal conditions (both in the air interface channel and antennas) to reach a respectable throughput close to it's theoretical limits. The maximum aggregate speed you can get is 6.77 Gbps with an 8 antenna configuration @ 160 MHz channel.
In Apple's case, For 1.3 Gbps, you'll need 3 streams (each at 433 Mbps on 80 MHz channels). So far practically in existing ac router, you can only get maximum of around 500-600 Mbps total (hence, less than 50%). If your connected device does not support receiving all 3 streams, then your maximum will be much lower. Samsung S4's 802.11ac only supports a single stream, so theoretically it can only get 433 Mbps (or about 200 Mbps practically). Is still a whole lot better than 802.11n and 100 Mbps Ethernet for sure!
Ethernet vs WiFi
In terms of speed, ethernet will always go on top by virtue of it being wired. Wireless will always be limited by the RF channel; all devices connected to the WiFi will share the maximum link, whereas all devices connected to an Ethernet switch is limited by its maximum port link only (assuming fabric switch capacity is close to the sum of all ports). As more 802.11n & ac routers go into the market to populate the 5 GHz RF channel, you will find it a bit harder to get ideal Wifi speeds. Also, with 5 GHz, your wireless range will be affected as it gets attenuated more easily when going through walls.
But in terms of convenience? WiFi for sure. You can still move around the room or parts of the house with freedom and stream some HD content on the laptop or phone. With 802.11ac, you can get more friends and guests connected to your home network easily without much wireless congestion.
So in the end, you'll usually get both anyway.
Jeffrey ArulrajEthernet for long haul is pure disaster as repeaters are costlier
Wifi for short distance is real boon to any portable gadget lover
Both are different sides of a coin called connectivity with out one the other is useless and both together we have absolute connections
Well, if Ethernet is transmitted across your standard twisted pair cables, you won't get much range over it. But if its transmitted across fiber cables, you can get much better range (50+ km). Look up Metro-E, its becoming more prevalent use for long haul compared to older SONET/SDH systems. Its cheaper, in fact.ConquerorEthernet for long haul is pure disaster as repeaters are costlier
Kaustubh Katdare#-Link-Snipped-# - Thanks for the explanation. Why is the 1 Gbps limit on the Ethernet cable? Anything to do with the resistance of the wire (or the length?)
At the time the TIA/EIA-568 standard came about for Ethernet cabling, their main objective was to have structured cabling with certain performance specifications, via reducing crosstalk & external EM interferences. This was nearly a decade ago. Hence for the Cat5e specifications, they design it with a 100 MHz bandwidth that allowed up to 1 Gbps. You can try to push higher frequencies, but you will get very bad signalling and won't get higher throughput. So in a sense, the 1 Gbps limit is due to certain crosstalk & interference design specs.Kaustubh Katdare#-Link-Snipped-# - Thanks for the explanation. Why is the 1 Gbps limit on the Ethernet cable? Anything to do with the resistance of the wire (or the length?)
To allow more than 1 Gbps, they'd need to design more stringent specifications that will reduce cross talk and external interferences at higher frequencies. Hence Cat6 was born (Cat6 @ 250 MHz & Cat6a @ 500 MHz)
Ahsanul haquei like Ethernet cable .also wireless. but wireless is portable easy setup. not huge system loss. i think Ethernet cable always better place ... in this existence need strong medium so Ethernet cable is a strong medium.
Ahsanul haqueThanks 2 All
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