Sentence correction for CAT 2011

Find the incorrect sentences from the following.

1.Ralph was arrested on for the theft of an airplane
2.He was sentenced for 90 days' imprisonment
3.ben said that he has been treated for depression for a year
4.He wanted to end his life

Guys,please correct the sentence if it is incorrect.

PS: It would be appreciated if you could give me the explanation ūüėČ

Replies

  • Ankita Katdare
    Ankita Katdare
    4th is correct. All others are wrong.

    1. 'arrested on' is wrong.

    2. days' - apostrophe should not be there.

    3. It's Ben said, so the next part should be 'he had been arrested'
  • Sahithi Pallavi
    Sahithi Pallavi
    Ralph was arrested on for the theft of an airplane
    Ralph was arrested for the theft of an airplane

    2.He was sentenced for 90 days imprisonment
    He was sentenced to 90 days' imprisonment.

    4th one is right.

    No idea about the 3rd one, but the give one is incorrect.
  • Reya
    Reya
    OA:

    1.Ralph was arrested for the theft of an airplane.
    2.He was sentenced to 90 days imprisonment.
    3.ben said that he had been treated for depression for a year.
    4.He wanted to end his life.

    PS: Guys,if you are not sure of the apostrophes you can learn here:#-Link-Snipped-#
  • Reya
    Reya
    Find out the incorrect sentences and reply me the correct sentences too.


    1. The committee were divided in its opinion regarding the issue.
    2. She helped everyone of those boys in doing their work.
    3. Neither of the boys have submitted their records.
    4. She availed of the opportunity.
    5. Dear students, enjoy during the holidays.
  • ISHAN TOPRE
    ISHAN TOPRE
    For post no 5 above.
    1. The committee was divided in its opinion regarding the issue. or The committees were divided in their opinions regarding the issue.
    2. She helped all of those boys in doing their work.
    4. She availed the opportunity. -> Remove of
  • Saandeep Sreerambatla
    Saandeep Sreerambatla
    1. The Committee were divided in their opinion regarding the issue.
    2. She helped all of those boys in doing their work.
    3.Neither of the boys has submitted their records.
    4. She availed the opportunity
    5. Dear students, enjoy the holidays.

    I think first time I am trying to solve English ūüėÄ
  • CIVILPRINCESS
    CIVILPRINCESS
    1. The committee were divided in their opinion regarding the issue.
    2. She helped all of those boys in doing their work.
    3. Neither of the boys has submitted their records.
    4. She availed the opportunity.
    5. Dear students, enjoy the holidays.
  • Reya
    Reya
    OA:

    1.The committee were divided in their opinion regarding the issue.
    2. She helped all of those boys in doing his work.
    3. Neither of the boys has submitted his records.
    4. She availed herself of the opportunity.
    5. Dear students, enjoy yourself during the holidays.
  • Reya
    Reya
    Find the errors in the following:

    1. That store sells mens' and boy's shoes.
    2. The table's leg is broken.
    3. For goodness's sake, please stop banging the door.
    4. Both China and India's poets eulogize the Mount Everest's glory in their poems.
    5. Varun's and Kabir's house is really beautiful.
  • CIVILPRINCESS
    CIVILPRINCESS
    1. That store sells mens and boys shoes.
    3. For goodness' sake, please stop banging the door.
    4. Both China's and India's poets eulogize the Mount Everest's glory in their poems.
    5. Varun's and Kabir's houses are really beautiful.
    or Varun and Kabir's house is really beautiful.
  • ISHAN TOPRE
    ISHAN TOPRE
    1. That store sells men’s and boy's shoes
    2.The table legs are broken.
    3. For goodness sake, stop banging the door.
    4.Both china and India's poets' eulogize the mount Everest's glory in their poems
    5. varun and Kabir's house is really beautiful
  • cooltwins
    cooltwins
    1. That store sells mens' and boys' shoes.
    2. The leg of the table is broken.
    3. For goodness' sake, please stop banging the door.
    4. Both China's and India's poets eulogize the Mount Everest's glory in their poems.
    5. Varun and Kabir's house is really beautiful.
  • Reya
    Reya
    OA:

    1. That store sells mens' and boys' shoes.
    2. The leg of the table is broken.

    Here "The leg of the table" and "The table leg" are correct.
    3. For goodness' sake, please stop banging the door.

    Reference from TIME Material:
    If the last syllable of a singular noun ends in '-s' or '-ce' and the noun is followed by the word "sake", the possessive case of the noun will be formed by adding (') only. eg, goodness' sake, conscience' sake.
    4. Both China's and India's poets eulogize the Mount Everest's glory in their poems.

    5. Varun and Kabir's house is really beautiful.

    Varun and Kabir possess a common house. When a common possession is indicated, apostrophe s ('s) is added to the last noun.

    PS: If you wanna know about possessive noun,check this link:

    #-Link-Snipped-#
  • Reya
    Reya
    Find out the incorrect sentences
    1. My father told me he could do anything he wanted to do
    2. I believed him
    3. Dad said he wants to do first photographer in the home town
    4. He wants to develop color prints and so he did.
  • CIVILPRINCESS
    CIVILPRINCESS
    1. My father told me THAT he could do anything he wanted to do
    2. I believed him
    3. Dad said he wants to do first photographer in the home town
    4. He wantED to develop color prints and so he did.

    1, 3, 4
  • aj_onduty
    aj_onduty
    1. My father told me that he can do anything he wanted to do
    2. I believed him.
    3. Dad said he wants to be the first photographer in the home town
    4. He wanted to develop color prints and so he did.
    1,3 and 4 are wrong.
  • Reya
    Reya
    OA:

    1. My father told me he could do anything he wanted to
    2. I believed him.
    3. Dad said that he wanted to be the first photographer in the home town
    4. He wanted to develop color prints and so he did.

    Guys which one is correct?
    My father told me he could do anything he wanted to (or) My father told me that he could do anything he wanted to?

    The answer given in the book is written as OA.
  • Reya
    Reya
    1. If I were him, I would not misbehave like this.
    2. Good students like you and he should study regularly.
    3. We were told to let only you and she enter.
    4. Only you and him can do this work fast.
  • CIVILPRINCESS
    CIVILPRINCESS
    1. If I were him, I would not misbehave like this.
    2. Good students like you and him should study regularly.
    3. We were told to let only you and her enter.
    4. Only you and he can do this work fast.
  • Reya
    Reya
    1. A ‚Äúcalendar stick‚ÄĚ carved centuries ago by the Winnebago tribe may provide the first evidence that the North American Indians have developed advanced full-year calendars basing them on systematic astronomical observation.
    (A) that the North American Indians have developed advanced full-year calendars basing them
    (B) of the North American Indians who have developed advanced full-year calendars and based them
    (C) of the development of advanced full-year calendars by North American Indians, basing them
    (D) of the North American Indians and their development of advanced full-year calendars based
    (E) that the North American Indians developed advanced full-year calendars based


    2. A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.
    (A) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities had been allowed to dump
    (B) reduced the phosphate amount that municipalities had been dumping
    (C) reduces the phosphate amount municipalities have been allowed to dump
    (D) reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump
    (E) reduces the amount of phosphates allowed for dumping by municipalities


    3. A collection of 38 poems by Phillis Wheatley, a slave, was published in the 1770’s, the first book by a Black woman and it was only the second published by an American woman.
    (A) it was only the second published by an American woman
    (B) it was only the second that an American woman published
    (C) the second one only published by an American woman
    (D) the second one only that an American woman published
    (E) only the second published by an American woman


    4. A common disability in test pilots is hearing impairment, a consequence of sitting too close to large jet engines for long periods of time.
    (A) a consequence of sitting too close to large jet engines for long periods of time
    (B) a consequence from sitting for long periods of time too near to large jet engines
    (C) a consequence which resulted from sitting too close to large jet engines for long periods of time
    (D) damaged from sitting too near to large jet engines for long periods of time
    (E) damaged because they sat too close to large jet engines for long periods of time


    5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus
    Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.
    (A) that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom
    (B) that some Blacks return to the African land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him
    (C) that some Blacks return to Africa which was the land which symbolized the possibility of freedom to him
    (D) some Black’s returning to Africa which was the land that to him symbolized the possibility of freedom
    (E) some Black’s return to the land symbolizing the possibility of freedom to him, Africa


    6. A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
    (A) flames spreading
    (B) flame spreads
    (C) flames are caused to spread
    (D) causing flames to spread
    (E) causing spreading of the flames


    7. A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims from a one-page writing sample that it can assess more than three hundred personality traits, including enthusiasm, imagination, and ambition.
    (A) from a one-page writing sample that it can assess
    (B) from a one-page writing sample it has the ability of assessing
    (C) the ability, from a one-page writing sample, of assessing
    (D) to be able, from a one-page writing sample, to assess
    (E) being able to assess, from a one-page writing sample,


    8. A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.
    (A) believed to be
    (B) and that is believed to be
    (C) and it is believed to have been
    (D) which was, it is believed,
    (E) which is believed to be


    9. A Labor Department study states that the numbers of women employed outside the home grew by more than a thirty-five percent increase in the past decade and
    accounted for more than sixty-two percent of the total growth in the civilian work force.
    (A) numbers of women employed outside the home grew by more than a thirty-five percent increase
    (B) numbers of women employed outside the home grew more than thirty-five percent
    (C) numbers of women employed outside the home were raised by more than thirty-five percent
    (D) number of women employed outside the home increased by more than thirty-five percent
    (E) number of women employed outside the home was raised by more than a thirty-five percent increase


    10. A large rise in the number of housing starts in the coming year should boost new construction dollars by several billion dollars, making the construction industry’s economic health much more robust than five years ago.
    (A) making the construction industry’s economic health much more robust than five years ago
    (B) and make the construction industry’s economic health much more robust than five years ago
    (C) making the construction industry’s economic health much more robust than it was five years ago
    (D) to make the construction industry’s economic health much more robust than five years ago
    (E) in making the construction industry’s economic health much more robust than it as five years ago
  • PraveenKumar Purushothaman
    PraveenKumar Purushothaman
    1. A ‚Äúcalendar stick‚ÄĚ carved centuries ago by the Winnebago tribe may provide the first evidence that the North American Indians developed advanced full-year calendars based on systematic astronomical observation.

    2. A 1972 agreement between Canada and the United States reduced the amount of phosphates that municipalities are allowed to dump into the Great Lakes.

    3. A collection of 38 poems by Phillis Wheatley, a slave, was published in the 1770’s, the first book by a Black woman and only the second published by an American woman.

    4. A common disability in test pilots is hearing impairment, a consequence of sitting too close to large jet engines for long periods of time.

    5. A controversial figure throughout most of his public life, the Black leader Marcus Garvey advocated that some Blacks return to Africa, the land that, to him, symbolized the possibility of freedom.

    Oyee Pravee, check if these are right... ūüėÄ
  • PraveenKumar Purushothaman
    PraveenKumar Purushothaman
    6. A fire in an enclosed space burns with the aid of reflected radiation that preheats the fuel, making ignition much easier and flame spreads more quickly.

    7. A firm that specializes in the analysis of handwriting claims being able to assess, from a one-page writing sample, more than three hundred personality traits, including enthusiasm, imagination, and ambition.

    8. A huge flying reptile that died out with the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago, the Quetzalcoatlus had a wingspan of 36 feet, which is believed to be the largest flying creature the world has ever seen.

    9. A Labor Department study states that the numbers of women employed outside the home were raised by more than thirty-five percent in the past decade and accounted for more than sixty-two percent of the total growth in the civilian work force (Blind Guess)

    10. A large rise in the number of housing starts in the coming year should boost new construction dollars by several billion dollars, and make the construction industry’s economic health much more robust than five years ago.

    Check for correctness of these too! ūüėÄ
  • Reya
    Reya
    Answers

    1.) E is the best choice as it only maintains parallelism -- carved... developed....based

    2.) OA - D.
    Since the dumping continued after the date of the agreement, the past perfect verb had been allowed in choice A is incorrect. The verb should instead be the present are allowed(if the agreement remained in effect when the sentence was written) or the past were allowed(if the agreement was no longer in effect when the sentence was written). B changes the meaning of the sentence by stating that √Ę€“ the amount of phosphate that municipalities were dumping whereas stem only talks about the limit and not whether they were up to the limit.C, E use wrong tense reduces, should be the past tense reduced. Further allowed for dumping in E is unidiomatic. Also the phrase amount of phosphate is clear and idiomatically correct, whereas phosphate amount is not idiomatic

    3). The best choice is E, Here parallelism has to be maintained between two nouns and not two sentences, thus options A and B are ruled out.Also in choices A and B use of it denotes redundancy. This leaves us with C, D, and E. Choices C and D are wordy, also according to the grammar rule one should put only as close as possible to the word it is suppose to modify.Further choice D is depicting incorrect placing of active and passive voice constructions in the sentence.

    4). A is the best choice.

    5). A is the best answer. D, E are ruled out because of use of apostrophe which is changing the expression to noun form. Option B is unclear and suffers from ambiguity and in option C the referent of which is not clear.

    6). D is the best choice.

    7). D is the best answer. It correctly uses an infinitive to connect the verb "claims" with the firm's assertion : claims to be able .....to assess....All of the other choices use ungrammatical or unclear constructions after claims. Choices A and B present clauses that should be introduced by "claims that". In A, placing that after sample rather than after claims produces the unintended statement that the claim itself is made on the basis of a single one - page writing sample.Also in B, the ability of assessing is unidiomatic.Choice C repeats this second fault and uses the unidiomatic claims the ability.Choice E uses the ungrammatical claims being able to assess.

    8). C is the best choice.
    A - incorrect - participial phrase is incorrectly referring to 36 feet. Further wrongly suggests that Quetzalcoatlus still exists though the real meaning conveyed here is that it is still considered the largest flying creature (present perfect)
    B - incorrect - "that" is modifying "a wingspan", instead of modifying "Quetzalcoatlus".
    D, E - incorrect - "which" modifying "a wingspan", instead of modifying "Quetzalcoatlus"

    9). D is the best choice.Because a count of women employed outside the home at any given time will be expressed by a single number, the use of the plural noun numbers in choices A, B, and C is illogical. In A, the phrase grew by more than a thirty-five percent increase is redundant and wordy, since the sense of increase is implicit in the verb grew. In C and E, the passive verb forms were raised and was raised are inappropriate because there is no identifiable agent responsible for the raising of the number of women employed. In choice E, was raised by ... increase is redundant. Choice D, which presents the comparison logically and idiomatically, is the best answer.

    10). C is the best answer.Wrong comparison - health to five years ago eliminate option A, B, and D .In option E in making is not necessary, thus making it unnecessarily wordy.

    source : GMAT Sentence Correction: GMAT Sentence Correction 1-10
  • Reya
    Reya
    A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses to discourage poachers; the question is whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are trimmed.
    (A) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are
    (B) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one once their horns are
    (C) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns have been
    (D) if tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses once the animals’ horns are
    (E) if tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one after the animals’ horns have been

    A recent national study of the public schools shows that there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were four years ago.
    (A) there are now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
    (B) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many than there were
    (C) there is now one microcomputer for every thirty-two pupils, four times as many as there were
    (D) every thirty-two pupils now have one microcomputer, four times as many than there were
    (E) every thirty-two pupils now has one microcomputer, four times as many as

    A recent New York Times editorial criticized the city’s election board for, first of all, failing to replace outmoded voting machines prone to breakdowns, and secondarily, for their failure to investigate allegations of corruption involving board members.
    (A) secondarily, for their failure to
    (B) secondly, for their failure to
    (C) secondly, that they failed and did not
    (D) second, that they failed to
    (E) second, for failing to

    A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
    (A) had elected early retirement rather than face
    (B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
    (C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
    (D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
    (E) have elected to retire early rather than face

    A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures some 65 million years ago.
    (A) supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that
    (B) supporting the theory that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact
    (C) that supports the theory of global forest fires that were ignited by a meteorite impact and that
    (D) in support of the theory that global forest fires were ignited by a meteorite impact and that
    (E) of support for the theory of a meteorite impact that ignited global forest fires and

    A recording system was so secretly installed and operated in the Kennedy Oval Office that even Theodore C. Sorensen, the White House counsel, did not know it existed.
    (A) A recording system was so secretly installed and operated in the Kennedy Oval Office that
    (B) So secret was a recording system installation and operation in the Kennedy Oval Office
    (C) It was so secret that a recording system was installed and operated in the Kennedy Oval Office
    (D) A recording system that was so secretly installed and operated in the Kennedy Oval Office.
    (E) Installed and operated so secretly in the Kennedy Oval Office was a recording system that

    A report by the American Academy for the Advancement of Science has concluded that much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed comes from the incineration of wastes.
    (A) much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed comes
    (B) much of the currently uncontrolled dioxins that North Americans are exposed to come
    (C) much of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and that North Americans are exposed to comes
    (D) many of the dioxins that are currently uncontrolled and North Americans are exposed to come
    (E) many of the currently uncontrolled dioxins to which North Americans are exposed come

    A representative of the Women’s Bureau of the United States Department of Labor contends that employers who offer benefits which permit that employees can balance home and work responsibilities better, realizing gains in attendance, recruiting, and retention.
    (A) which permit that employees can balance home and work responsibilities better, realizing
    (B) which permit employees balancing home and work responsibilities better will realize
    (C) that permit employees to balance the responsibilities of home and work better will realize
    (D) that permit employees a better balance between the responsibilities of home and work, thus realizing
    (E) such that employees are permitted a balance between home and work responsibilities, and they will realize

    A shy, religious-minded publisher who had married a duke’s daughter, Harold Macmillan’s rise to the position of Prime Minister in 1957 surprised many, though Churchill had since the 1930s been extolling Macmillan’s courage.
    (A) Harold Macmillan’s rise to the position of Prime Minister in 1957 surprised many
    (B) Harold Macmillan’s rise in 1957 to the position of Prime Minister surprised many
    (C) Harold Macmillan’s becoming Prime Minister in 1957 surprised many
    (D) Harold Macmillan surprised many by rising to the position of Prime Minister in 1957
    (E) the position of Prime Minister attained by Harold Macmillan in 1957 surprised many

    A special Japanese green tea called genmai-cha contains brown rice and is considered as a delicacy fit for a gourmet by most Japanese, though it is virtually unavailable outside Yokohama.
    (A) A special Japanese green tea called genmai-cha contains brown rice and is considered as a delicacy fit for a gourmet by most Japanese, though it is virtually unavailable outside Yokohama.
    (B) Considered to be a delicacy fit for a gourmet by most Japanese, genmai-cha is a special green tea that contains brown rice, virtually unavailable outside Yokohama.
    (C) A special Japanese green tea called genmai-cha contains brown rice and is considered a gourmet delicacy by most Japanese, though it is virtually unavailable outside Yokohama.
    (D) Most Japanese consider genmai-cha, a special green tea which contains brown rice, as a delicacy virtually unavailable outside Yokohama.
    (E) Though virtually unavailable outside Yokohama, most Japanese consider genmai-cha, a special green tea that contains brown rice, a gourmet delicacy.
  • Reya
    Reya
    No takers?

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