# What is the difference between KVR , KW and KVA?

I am countering a problem facing KVR in power systems I just to know what makes it different to KVA and KW?

Posted in: #Electrical #ElectronicsThe total power consumed is represented as KVA (kilo volt ampere). But in this total power a part only does the useful work (assuming my load is not purely resistive 😀). The useful power here is called active power, ie KW. The remaining component, the one which do nothing useful is called reactive power or KVR.

We can represent these three as the sides of a right triangle. Total power as the hypotnuse, active power as the cosine component and the other as the sine component. The angle between the active power and total power is the phase angle between current and voltage.

If you are considering a purely resistive load, the current and voltage would be in phase. In such a situation the total power cosumed (KVA) would be equal to active power (KW). There is no reactive power (KVR).

The KVA, which should actually be written as kVA (where k stands for kilo) is typically referred as kW (kilowatt). This is the unit that is used to rate most of the electrical equipments we use at home.

The actual electric power we receive at home is can be divided into two main types: the kW and kVAR aka Kilovolt-Ampere Reactive. The former stands for the "real" or actual power. The kVAR on the other hand stands for the reactive power. Lal has offered a good explanation above.

Just to understand it better - active power is the one that actually gets converted into light, heat and sound.

The reactive power, on the other hand is the one that produces magnetic fields that can rotate the shaft of electric motor; and is dependent on the power factor.

kVA is kilo Volt Amps, and is found by measuring the voltage and current separately, and then multiplying them together. It is the measure of “apparent power”.

kW is kilo Watts, and is found by measuring the voltage and current simultaneously, and multiplying them point by point in phase with each other. It is the measure of “actual power” or “useful power”.

he KVA, which should actually be written as kVA (where k stands for kilo) is typically referred as kW (kilowatt). This is the unit that is used to rate most of the electrical equipments we use at home.

The actual electric power we receive at home is can be divided into two main types: the kW and kVAR aka Kilovolt-Ampere Reactive. The former stands for the "real" or actual power. The kVAR on the other hand stands for the reactive power. Lal has offered a good explanation above.

Just to understand it better - active power is the one that actually gets converted into light, heat and sound.

The reactive power, on the other hand is the one that produces magnetic fields that can rotate the shaft of electric motor; and is dependent on the power factor.