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Renewable Energy Based Project Ideas For Engineering Students

Question asked by Ankita Katdare in #Coffee Room on Aug 23, 2012
Ankita Katdare
Ankita Katdare 路 Aug 23, 2012
Rank A1 - PRO
Renewable is not only the need of the hour, but also the talk of the town. And Engineering students are opting for the green when it comes to their B.E./B.Tech project. So, we thought of compiling ia list of project ideas based on Renewable energy. Students belonging to third year or final year can use these projects as mini-projects as well as mega-projects.
This list has been complied after referring to the project ideas that have come across the forum since last few years and searching across the web.

If you have questions regarding these projects feel free to ask them in the replies below. You may also ask for abstract of a project idea that you have or want to work on.

Here are the details about some -
1. Tornado-based Power Plant : If the energy of a tornado could somehow be sustained and harnessed, it could be used as an effective renewable source of energy. Something on the lines of what is being worked out in this project: Atmospheric Vortex Engine
2. Using Kites For Energy : Saul Griffith unveils the invention that his new company Makani Power has been working on: giant kite turbines that create surprising amounts of clean, renewable energy. Check -

3. Solar Satellites have the advantage of being above the weather conditions, and would be able to harvest electricity from the sun 24 hours per day. Below is a TED presentation about the technology by one of the first companies looking at this technology, Space Energy Inc. -

4. Inflatable Solar Collectors
Solar cells, mirrors, and rigging equipment are expensive and reduce the value of solar technology as a viable alternative energy solution. Below is a video of the Video of Cool Earth鈥檚 technology that solves these problems.
Posted in: #Coffee Room
Ankita Katdare
Ankita Katdare 路 Aug 23, 2012
Rank A1 - PRO
Solar Powered Mobile Charger -
With power-hungry smartphones becoming a norm, solar-cell based phone chargers are getting more popular but many are still often a little pricey. To build one of your own, you need -
Solar Cell, Project Box, 12VDC Car Power Outlet Socket and an adhesive of choice.
Instructables here has a step-by-step guide for you : https://www.instructables.com/id/Solar-Powered-Cell-Phone-Charger/step1/MaterialsTools/
But you can always find better ways of developing things. So, find new ideas. 馃榾

Solar Powered Refrigerator -
You can build it in one of the following four ways:
1. Solar Cells Only.
2. Thermoelectric solid-state refrigerator powered by solar photovoltaic electricity - Using the Peltier effect to create a heat flux between the junction of two different types of materials.
3. Absorption refrigerator in which the boiler heat is generated from concentrated sunlight.
4. Stirling engine refrigerator in which the compressor is mechanically driven by a Stirling engine - When we heat gas using sun light, gas would expand and push the piston forward. We can use this method to power compressor of refrigerator.
Ankita Katdare
Ankita Katdare 路 Aug 23, 2012
Rank A1 - PRO
An Advanced Geothermal System -

This is the kind of energy that is discussed more often than implemented. And no one questions its potential. The scientists do not hesitate to say that if harnessed properly, it could be the single most effective solution to the world鈥檚 energy needs.
But very few know that the Web-Giant Google is also busy in privately funding its research and development. They are working on it for years now. Their system works by drilling a well several kilometers deep into the earth鈥檚 crust. Water is then injected into the well where it fractures the deep rocks, creating pockets from which steam is generated as additional water is pumped into the well.

The steam is then extracted through pipes where it turns turbines to create electricity. The water is then recycled back into the well where it is reheated and reused. The video below provides additional details on this exciting new technology.

The company calls it EGS or Enhanced Geothermal System:

Learn about the great potential for EGS with this video from google -



An animation of the 50 MW Habanero EGS system, under development in Australia's Cooper Basin -
Ankita Katdare
Ankita Katdare 路 Aug 23, 2012
Rank A1 - PRO
Generate Electricity from Dance Floor or Gym Equipment -

Something on the lines of what these people have done here -


You can read about who else has implemented this idea here:
https://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2008/nov/30/alternative-energy-renewable-energy
and here: https://inhabitat.com/green-a-go-go-at-londons-first-eco-disco/

Generate Electricity From Waste Water -

Microbial Fuel Cells are the key here. Lars Angenent, Ph.D. has devloped a microbial fuel cell that uses waste water to create electricity. Angenent discusses his research and how a grant from the National Science Foundation is helping him spread his research to high school students -
srikar36
srikar36 路 Sep 18, 2014
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
How to build a renewable energy based transportation for physicallly challenged people
Ankita Katdare
Ankita Katdare 路 Sep 18, 2014
Rank A1 - PRO
srikar36
How to build a renewable energy based transportation for physicallly challenged people
What are your ideas on this project? Describe in detail so that fellow engineers can help you proceed wherever you are stuck. No spoon feeding around here.
srikar36
srikar36 路 Sep 18, 2014
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
It is a just a thought. I am doing my final year B.tech in eee. I don't have any ideas regarding this. One of my friends suggested this website. So i jus asked
Edson
Edson 路 Apr 23, 2015
Rank E1 - BEGINNER
I WANT TO KNOW THE OBJECTIVES AND ABSTRACT OF THE RESEARCH IDEA OF
  • Solar Powered Water Pump
Swapnil Suman
Swapnil Suman 路 Jun 2, 2015
Rank D1 - MASTER
Renewable Energy Storage Methods | Energy Storage Requirements

Storing the Energy is an essential requirement for all facets of our life and it has been recognized as a basic human need. It is the key to accelerating economic growth, generation of employment, elimination of poverty and growth of human development especially in rural areas. In contrast to fossil fuel and nuclear-fuel based energy, the initial input power of a renewable energy source is outside our control. The use of renewable energy supplies constitutes a diversion of a continuing natural flow of energy; there are problems in matching supply and demand In a given time domain, i.e., matching the rate at which energy is used. The mismatch varies with time on scales of months {e.g.. house heating in temperate climates}, days (e.g., artificial lighting) and even seconds (e.g., starting motors).


The means of storing energy in a readily recoverable form when the supply exceeds the demand for use at other times is known as energy storage. Storage of primary fuels (e.g., coal, oil and gas) is also a form of energy storage, but the term 鈥榚nergy storage鈥 generally applies to secondary energy rather than to primary energy.

The performance of various energy-storage mechanisms can be measured and compared in (i) MJS (ii) MJm3 (iii) MJKg -1. The first is a very important and deciding factor but is difficult to estimate. The second is important where space is a prime consideration (e.g., indoor applications). The third is considered when weight is vital (e.g., in aircrafts).

NECESSITY OF RENEWABLE ENERGY STORAGE

1. The effective utilization of intermittent and variable energy sources such as sunlight, wind, etc. often requires energy storage

2. In some circumstances, electrical energy may be generated ether on land or at sea, at a location that is too distant from a consumption centre for conventional transmission lines to be used for example Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion. Means must then be found for both storing the energy and transporting it economically to a load centre.

3. Electrically propelled vehicles, which are expected to come into increasing use, also require some form of energy storage. Since the vehicle must carry its energy supply, the storage system must be readily transportable.

4. Energy storage is also required for 鈥楲oad levelling鈥 in an electric utility to reduce the overall cost of generating electrical power. More efficient plants may be operated continuously at a rated power level, and the excess power during off-peak period is stored for use when the demand exceeds the base load. Thus, the use of less efficient units to meet the additional demand for power during peak load periods is eliminated.

ENERGY STORAGE METHODS IN RENEWABLE ENERGY:

Energy can be stored in various forms and the storage methods are classified on the basis of the form in which it is stored. Some of the important energy storage methods are the following:

1. Mechanical energy storage

(a) Pumped storage

(b) Compressed air storage

(c) Flywheel storage

[鈥婭MG]

2. Chemical energy storage

(a) Batteries storage

(b) Hydrogen storage

(c) Reversible chemical reactions storage



3. Electromagnetic energy storage

[鈥婭MG]


4. Electrostatic energy storage


5. Thermal (heat) energy storage

(a) Sensible heat storage

(b) Latent heat storage



6. Biological storage

Source : Mechanical Engineering Blog
URL :https://www.mechanicalengineeringblo...-storage-methods-energy-storage-requirements/
Kavya Murlidharan
Kavya Murlidharan 路 Sep 10, 2015
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
Could you please mail me the abstracts of a few topics mentioned above:
  • Solar Powered Path Finding vehicle,Power generation using wind turbine kites,Hydropower Projects,Pedal powered refrigerator
reyansh
reyansh 路 Sep 10, 2015
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
I want to do a project on hydropower and i need a abstract on this project, so please help me to find out.
Ankita Katdare
Ankita Katdare 路 Sep 10, 2015
Rank A1 - PRO
Kavya Murlidharan
Could you please mail me the abstracts of a few topics mentioned above:
  • Solar Powered Path Finding vehicle,Power generation using wind turbine kites,Hydropower Projects,Pedal powered refrigerator
Energy-Efficient Path Planning for Solar-Powered Mobile Robots -

Here's a paper you can refer to: https://www-users.cs.umn.edu/~isler/pub/iser2012solar.pdf

Power generation using wind turbine kites -

An article on Instructables talks in detail about how to build a kite that can generate electricity.
https://www.instructables.com/id/Electricity-Generating-Kite/

Another video:


A group of German scientists are studying ways to harness wind energy from high-flying stunt kites. The higher the altitude, the stronger and more reliable wind energy becomes.

Pedal powered refrigerator -

A video demonstration:
Ankita Katdare
Ankita Katdare 路 Sep 10, 2015
Rank A1 - PRO
Hydropower Projects -

Following are the different ideas that come to mind -

Micro-hydroelectric power harnesses toilet flushes and showers



Turn the tides into energy

reyansh
reyansh 路 Sep 13, 2015
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
I am doing Btech. in petroleum stream and i'm really want to do a project on hydropower,please suggest me the proper way that how should i start.
nik syariman
nik syariman 路 Sep 28, 2015
Rank E1 - BEGINNER
may i know the project description on power generation using wind turbine kites
Ankita Katdare
Ankita Katdare 路 Sep 28, 2015
Rank A1 - PRO
syariman
may i know the project description on power generation using wind turbine kites
No ready made abstract or project description is available. It is best to go through the idea presented aka the existing research papers and videos and come up with your own innovative project.
Anthony Karimi Mwai
Anthony Karimi Mwai 路 Sep 28, 2015
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
I am doing my final year project in Mechanical engineering and i am interested in renewable energy sources but i feel stranded
Bijay Krishna Nandi
Bijay Krishna Nandi 路 Sep 29, 2015
Rank D3 - MASTER
syariman
may i know the project description on power generation using wind turbine kites
I was just trying to imagine the project or trying to have a vision of your project but is it feasible??? Guys please know the difference between "a scientist and an engineer". As an engineer we have the vision within cost optimized value of project. well no doubt its very innovative. think about floating type solar PV cell having a good insolation power in your locality having reservoir or ponds( just for a say).
somanath patil
somanath patil 路 Nov 7, 2015
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
Mam i want the above projects abstract please send the <email snipped>
Ankita Katdare
Ankita Katdare 路 Dec 13, 2015
Rank A1 - PRO
@somanath patil We do not provide ready made project abstracts or synopsis. However, we can help you in choosing a topic or solving your difficulties in any idea or concept regarding Renewable energy projects. Feel free to ask questions about that.
sheikh kunta jatta
sheikh kunta jatta 路 Mar 2, 2016
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
mam,i am from west Africa a young engineer studying power management have a project to write and i choice renewable energy,the topic is wind turbine and the reason of chosen wind turbine is,i want to study it and build it in my country because my country is using thermal generation buying fuel and parts,the are polluting the atmosphere
sheikh kunta jatta
sheikh kunta jatta 路 Mar 2, 2016
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
thanks mam for helping me to choosing the project i should working on,i choice Wind Mill Power Generation System,i need some clue to proceed
oopi
oopi 路 Jun 5, 2016
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
can i get information related to pedal operated generator?
nicesetya
nicesetya 路 Jun 5, 2016
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
hi excuse me....i just want to share indonesia electrical system....may be someone need for study, or just looking chance to build IPP for example renewable powerplant in indonesia, or technology share... Document describe clearly about indonesia electrical start from power plan..to 500 kV...down to 275 kV...to 150 kV...20kV....distributed to customer....document also explain about development until 2014 for transmision line and powerplant, in every province in indonesia .it's 16 MB size..thanks for time.
shubham Parekh
shubham Parekh 路 Jun 20, 2016
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
I am so inspired by the video of Prof. Larc angenent of electricity from waste water... But how much amount of voltage is produced through it???
Ankita Katdare
Ankita Katdare 路 Jun 28, 2016
Rank A1 - PRO
oopi
can i get information related to pedal operated generator?
Many people have already built such machines. See, one such here:

If you google it, you will get many different research papers and websites who have successfully built this project.
Ankita Katdare
Ankita Katdare 路 Jun 28, 2016
Rank A1 - PRO
sheikh kunta jatta
thanks mam for helping me to choosing the project i should working on,i choice Wind Mill Power Generation System,i need some clue to proceed
This website : Electricity Generation Using Small Wind Turbines at Your Home or Farm can be a great starting point for your project.
Tushar Patil
Tushar Patil 路 Aug 10, 2016
Rank E1 - BEGINNER
i am doing b tech in electrical...suggest me some new ideas for be project in renewable energy ...
Tushar Patil
Tushar Patil 路 Aug 10, 2016
Rank E1 - BEGINNER
i am in last year in electrical engg, i am willing to project on renewable energy ... suggest me some new ideas in this field please...
Elisha Elia
Elisha Elia 路 Oct 10, 2016
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
please send me the abstract of pedal powered refrigerator???
elishachapita@yahoo.com
Sathyavipu
Sathyavipu 路 Nov 20, 2016
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
Mam is there any journals or research papers about the bio-gas production optimization with thermal cycles ?? And share some ideas to make the prototype design of the bio gas electricity production below US$750!
Mayur baldha
Mayur baldha 路 Jan 2, 2017
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
i want renewable energy related projects topics which we can prepare on low budget...want a helping hand..than you
femi2
femi2 路 Dec 29, 2017
Rank E2 - BEGINNER
@Ankita Katdare please I need you to guide me through a project ( wind turbine) . I have written the project proposal already. Thanks.
Shubham Kadam
Shubham Kadam 路 Mar 28, 2018
Rank E1 - BEGINNER
I am doin'g my final year project in chemical engineering and i am specifically intrested in hydrogen fuel but as it is dengerous to store hydrogen i am little bit confused to use it or not please give some alternative or at least suggest some solution how to use hydeogen effectively
Vishal Chavda
Vishal Chavda 路 Jul 9, 2018
Rank E1 - BEGINNER

I am a final year BE Electrical student. I have selected domain for project which is solar. But i don't have any new idea on solar projects. I need some help to find the right topic for a solar project.聽

Which can be made under 7000 rs.聽


Ankit Bhattarai
Ankit Bhattarai 路 Jul 9, 2018
Rank E2 - BEGINNER

I am Mtech Student of Green Energy. I have to do mini project related to energy conversion technology on waste water treatment. If u have any ideas to explore these research and technology please help me.

Ramani Aswath
Ramani Aswath 路 Jul 9, 2018
Rank A1 - PRO

@Ankita , I feel that these projects should include those for storing solar energy as heat of fusion of inorganic salts alike Sodium Nitrate or mixture of nitrates. These are useful for cooking in individual houses.

Ankita Katdare
Ankita Katdare 路 Jul 14, 2018
Rank A1 - PRO

@Ramani sir, this research paper can be of use -

Inorganic Salt Hydrate for Thermal Energy Storage -

applsci-07-01317.pdf

Salt hydrates are worthy of exploring due to their high-energy storage density, rational price, multiple sources and relatively good thermal conductivity.

This paper reviews the present state of salt hydrates targeting classification, properties, defects, possible solutions as well as their idiographic features which are suitable for applications.

Ramani Aswath
Ramani Aswath 路 Jul 14, 2018
Rank A1 - PRO

I agree. There are some issues though.

We did some work on this in the early seventies. Dropped as it proved too costly at that time.聽

Worth revisiting. The problem is that high temperature solar collection needs some form of concentration, which implies a tracking mechanism to orient the concentrator to the sun as also arrangements to store the molten salts.

Sanket Raorane
Sanket Raorane 路 Jul 20, 2018
Rank E1 - BEGINNER

I am agricultural engineering student.聽 I want聽 project聽 ideas聽 about聽 solar panels.聽

muhammad tariq
muhammad tariq 路 Nov 27, 2018
Rank E1 - BEGINNER

I am a Mechanical engineering student and we need a mini project of renewable energy resources. please tell me any idea about this subject.

Kutty Vijay
Kutty Vijay 路 Jan 10, 2019
Rank E1 - BEGINNER

Please tell how to helping the people with the energy projects

doreen elabonga
doreen elabonga 路 Feb 8, 2019
Rank E1 - BEGINNER

I'm a technical renewable energy student and would like project ideas regarding geothermal, solar or marine energy technologies.

Divisha Madupalli
Divisha Madupalli 路 Jan 10, 2020
Rank C1 - EXPERT

Well in solar you can use the solar-powered LED street light, auto irrigation and solar energy-based water purification system and something related to battery chargers.

I don't know much about geothermal energy though but try going through this document :

https://energy.mit.edu/wp-content/uploads/2006/11/MITEI-The-Future-of-Geothermal-Energy.pdf

Vinay Mishra
Vinay Mishra 路 Jan 11, 2020
Rank B2 - LEADER

@doreen I can help you with ocean/marine energy technology.

You can make a project based on solar+marine energy generation. Let me tell you some facts; More than 70% of the solar radiation reaching Earth falls on the ocean, heating the upper layers of the seas. This thermal energy, combined with wind and the forces of our solar system, causes currents, waves, and tides. Together these forms of thermal and mechanical energy make up a huge energy resource. You can regenerate/transform the forms of energy into others.聽

I hope you got some idea!

Vinay Mishra
Vinay Mishra 路 Jan 11, 2020
Rank B2 - LEADER

@muhammad Tariq If you are from mechanical engineering, I have some energy renovation ideas which you can apply as innovation in mechanical projects like BAJA and Efficycle.

Teja Reddy
Teja Reddy 路 Feb 26, 2020
Rank C3 - EXPERT
  1. Automatic聽Solar聽Tracker. ...
  2. 4 Smart聽Energy Projects. ...
  3. Solar聽& Smart聽Energy聽Systems. ...
  4. 5 Arduino聽Projects. ...
  5. Automated聽Solar聽Grass Cutter. ...
  6. Generating Electricity From Sound Waves.

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