prabhat kumar
prabhat kumar
Branch Unspecified
05 May 2012

Mouse programming in C

hi i m doing project with c and i want to get a mouse programing help me
10 years ago
Re: c programaing

Unless you tell us what you need, we cannot help you. Help us help you! 😀
Prasad Ajinkya

Prasad Ajinkya

Branch Unspecified
10 years ago
Re: c programaing

Prabhat, check out Let us C by Kanetkar, he has given some sample programs for interfacing with a mouse through C language.
prabhat kumar

prabhat kumar

Branch Unspecified
10 years ago
Re: c programaing

kidakaka
Prabhat, check out Let us C by Kanetkar, he has given some sample programs for interfacing with a mouse through C language.
hi i chek out kanetkar but not give more deeply.any stnd. book 4 this.
10 years ago
Re: c programaing

Maybe you could post your problem (along with the code) here for others to see and help you. I think it will help.
friendster7

friendster7

Branch Unspecified
10 years ago
here is few of the programs which will help you..take a look at this

Journey begins...
Our first program checks to see if a mouse driver is loaded or not.Just to remind you,mouse driver is a program that senses the presence of the mouse and understands signals coming from the mouse port before it translates these signals into relevant actions.
1) Program to find whether mouse driver is loaded or not
 
 
     #include <dos.h>
    main()
    {
      union REGS i,o;
 
      clrscr();
 
      i.x.ax=0;
        int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
     if(o.x.ax==0)
        printf("No Mouse Available.....");
       else
            printf("Mouse Available......");  
       }
The above program declares two variables of type union REGS.union REGS, which is declared in dos.h,contains two structures(struct WORDREGS x, struct BYTEREGS h).These two structures contain some 1-byte long and 2-byte long variables which indirectly represent CPU's registers. By placing 0 (sub-function) in ax register and invoking mouse interrupt(33h),we can check whether mouse driver is loaded or not.we used int86() function to invoke the interrupt.int86() takes 3 arguements:interrupt no and two union REGS type variables. If mouse driver is not loaded,it returns 0 in ax register.All return values are accessed using 'o' i.e why we have o.x.ax==0 in if statement.
2) Program to show the mouse pointer


Our first program only reported mouse driver loaded or not.Even if driver is avilable,we have no signs of mouse pointer.To view mouse pointer,we have to use sub-function 1.Look at the program presented below.
        #include <dos.h>
       main()
       {
         union REGS i,o;
 
     clrscr();
 
     i.x.ax=0;
       int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
       if(o.x.ax==0)
         {
        printf("No Mouse Available.....");
            exit();
         }
 
       i.x.ax=1;
     int86(0x33,&i,&o);
      }
The above program is same as our first program except for the last few lines.We have placed 1 in ax register and invoked mouse interrupt to see the pointer.Since we are in text mode,our pointer is a rectangular box.We can observe an arrow if we switch to graphics mode.
3) Program to hide the mouse pointer


Mouse cursor still remains,even after our program is terminated.Look at the following program.
 #include <dos.h>
    main()
    {
         union REGS i,o;
 
           clrscr();
 
         i.x.ax=0;
         int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
              if(o.x.ax==0)
       {
              printf("No Mouse Available.....");
              exit();
        }
 
       i.x.ax=1;
        int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
       gotoxy(24,23);
         printf("Press any key to hide mouse cursor...");
        getch();
 
       i.x.ax=2;
        int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
         gotoxy(10,23);
         printf("Mouse cursor is hidden !! Press any key to terminate the program ...");
           getch();
         }
The above program uses sub-function 2 and invokes mouse interrupt to hide the mouse pointer.This function is quite a useful function,when writing programs that draw a line or rectangle as we move the mouse. While writing those programs we don't want mouse pointer to erase what we draw hence we hide the pointer.
4) Program to show the position of the mouse pointer


For writing any useful program with mouse support,we need to know the (x,y) co-ordinates of the mouse position.The below program prints the position of the mouse,as we mouse the mouse.
 #include <dos.h>
    main()
    {
      union REGS i,o;
 
      clrscr();
 
      i.x.ax=0;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      if(o.x.ax==0)
      {
        printf("No Mouse Available...");
        exit();
      }
 
      i.x.ax=1;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      gotoxy(25,23);
      printf("Press any key to exit...");
 
      while(!kbhit())
      {
       i.x.ax=3;
       int86(0x33,&i,&o);
       gotoxy(2,2);
       printf("x->co-ordinate=%d     \n y->co-ordinate=%d      ",o.x.cx,o.x.dx);
      }
 
      i.x.ax=2;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
    }
In the above program we have a while loop.This loop continues until a key is hit.In loop,we used sub-function 3 and invoked mouse interrupt. Sub-function 3 returns X->co-ordinate in cx register and Y->co-ordinate in dx register.printf statements prints x and y co-ordinates as long as the loop continues.Maximum screen resolution for mouse in text mode is 640x200 and in graphics mode is 640x480.
5) Program to print which mouse button is pressed


Knowing which button is pressed is very important task.The program below prints which button is pressed as soon as we press any button.
#include <dos.h>
    main()
    {
      union REGS i,o;
      int button;
 
      clrscr();
 
      i.x.ax=0;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      if(o.x.ax==0)
      {
        printf("No mouse available....");
        exit();
      }
 
      i.x.ax=1;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      gotoxy(24,23);
      printf("Press any key to exit....");
 
      while(!kbhit())
      {
        i.x.ax=3;
        int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
        button=o.x.bx&7;
 
        gotoxy(23,11);
        switch(button)
        {
          case 1:
        printf("Left button pressed                                  ");
          break;
 
          case 2:
        printf("Right button pressed                                  ");
          break;
 
          case 4:
        printf("Middle button pressed                                  ");
          break;
 
          case 3:
        printf("Left and Right buttons pressed                          ");
          break;
 
          case 5:
        printf("Left and Middle buttons pressed                          ");
          break;
 
          case 6:
        printf("Right and Middle buttons pressed                          ");
          break;
 
          case 7:
        printf("All the three buttons pressed                          ");
          break;
 
          default:
        printf("No button pressed....");
        }
      }
 
       i.x.ax=2;
       int86(0x33,&i,&o);
     }
The above program is same as the previous program except we have little extra in while loop.In while we used the same sub-function 3 and invoked mouse interrupt.This subfunction even returns button press information in bx register.Entire button press information is stored in the first 3 bits of the bx register.So we ANDED bx with 7 to separate the first 3 bits and stored them in button variable.
If the first bit's value is 1 then the left button is pressed,if the value is 0 then it is not pressed.If the second bit's value is 1 then the right button is pressed,if value is 0 then it is not pressed.If the last bit's value is 1 then the middle button is pressed,if value is 0 then it is not pressed.
6) Program to set the position of the mouse pointer on the screen


Sometimes we need to set the position of the mouse pointer,just as we set the position of the keyboard's cursor using gotoxy().The following program sets the pointer to (x=150,y=100) positon on the screen.
           #include <dos.h>
      main()
      {
        union REGS i,o;
 
         clrscr();
 
         i.x.ax=0;
          int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
        if(o.x.ax==0)
        {
           printf("No mouse available");
           exit();
        }
        i.x.ax=1;
        int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
        i.x.ax=3;
        int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
           gotoxy(1,1);
        printf("Current Position:x=%d    y=%d    ",o.x.cx,o.x.dx);
 
        gotoxy(15,23);
        printf("Press any key to set the mouse pointer to (150,100)...");
        getch();
 
        i.x.ax=4;
        i.x.cx=150;
        i.x.dx=100;
        int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
        gotoxy(15,23);
       printf("Cursor is set ... press a key to exit                    ");
       getch();
     }
In the above program,we use sub-function 4 to set the pointer's position. We set the X->co-ordinate by placing a value in the cx register and Y->co-ordinate by placing a value in the dx register.
7) Program to switch to graphics mode

The program below switches text mode to graphcs mode.After executing this program,observe the mouse pointer.Now,it's in an arrow shape. Try to execute program-4 in graphics mode and observe the maximum screen resolution for mouse is increased to 640x480.

 #include <graphics.h>
    #include <dos.h>
 
    main()
    {
      int gd=DETECT,gm;
      union REGS i,o;
 
      initgraph(&gd,&gm,"");
 
      i.x.ax=0;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      if(o.x.ax==0)
      {
        printf("No Mouse Avaialable..");
        restorecrtmode();
        exit();
      }
 
      i.x.ax=1;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      outtextxy(100,400,"Mouse Pointer in graphics mode!!Press any key to exit");
      getch();
 
      i.x.ax=2;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      restorecrtmode();
    }
In the above program,we used standard library function initgraph() to initialize graphics system.This function takes 3 arguments;graphics driver, graphics mode,path to the driver.By using DETECT,we tell the function to select a suitable driver by itselt.When DETECT is used,no need to assign anything to graphics mode.Path is null since the driver files are located in the current directory.This function initializes graphics system and when the program terminates we come to text mode by using restorecrtmode() function.
8) Program to restrict the mouse pointer within a boundary


Sometimes,in our program,we need to restrict the mouse pointer with in a screen boundary.In order to do that,we need to specify the top,left co-ordinates as well bottom,right co-ordinates.Sub-functions 7,8 are used to limit the pointer within a boundary.Look at the following program.

  #include <graphics.h>
    #include <dos.h>
    main()
    {
      union REGS i,o;
      int gd=DETECT,gm;
 
      initgraph(&gd,&gm,"");
 
      i.x.ax=0;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      if(o.x.ax==0)
      {
        restorecrtmode();
        printf("No Mouse Available.....");
        exit();
      }
      rectangle(99,49,501,151);
 
      i.x.ax=1;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      i.x.ax=7;
      i.x.cx=100;
      i.x.dx=500;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      i.x.ax=8;
      i.x.cx=50;
      i.x.dx=150;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      while(!kbhit())
      ;
 
      i.x.ax=2;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      restorecrtmode();
    }
In the above program,sub-fuction 7 is used to specify two x->co-ordinates and sub-function 8 is used to specify two y->co-ordinates and these co-ordinates form a rectangular boundary within which mouse is restricted.
9) Free-hand drawing


If you ever wonder,how pencil tool in paint works.Then,the following program shows how it can be written in C.The following program makes use of some of the sub-function,which we already disussed above,and shows how they can be used to write useful programs like free-hand drawing.Just,go through the following program.
    #include <graphics.h>
    #include <dos.h>
 
    union REGS i,o;
 
    main()
    {
 
      int gd=DETECT,gm,button,x1,y1,x2,y2;
 
      initgraph(&gd,&gm,"");
 
      i.x.ax=0;
      int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
      if(o.x.ax==0)
      {
        printf("No Mouse is available..");
        exit();
        restorecrtmode();
      }
 
      outtextxy(230,400,"Press any key to exit....");
 
      while(!kbhit())
       {
        show_mouse();
        get_mouse_pos(&x1,&y1,&button);
 
        x2=x1;
        y2=y1;
 
        while(button==1)
        {
          hide_mouse();
          line(x1,y1,x2,y2);
 
          x1=x2;
          y1=y2;
 
          get_mouse_pos(&x2,&y2,&button);
        }
       }
       restorecrtmode();
     }
 
      show_mouse()
      {
        i.x.ax=1;
        int86(0x33,&i,&o);
      }
 
    hide_mouse()
    {
       i.x.ax=2;
       int86(0x33,&i,&o);
        }
 
    get_mouse_pos(int *x,int *y,int *button)
    {
       i.x.ax=3;
       int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
           *x=o.x.cx;
           *y=o.x.dx;
           *button=o.x.bx&1;
        }
There is nothing in this program to explain.Since you have gone through the program,you must have understood the logic.
10) Line drawing

Following program shows how to draw a line interactively using mouse. If you know how to draw a line,there is no big deal in developing a program that draws a square.So,carefully observe and understand the following program.

            #include <graphics.h>
       #include <alloc.h>
       #include <dos.h>
 
       union REGS i,o;
       char far *p;
 
       main()
       {
 
         int gd=DETECT,gm,button,x1,y1,x2,y2,prevx2,prevy2,x,y;
 
         initgraph(&gd,&gm,"");
 
         i.x.ax=0;
         int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
         if(o.x.ax==0)
           {
           printf("No Mouse is available..");
           exit();
           restorecrtmode();
         }
 
        while(!kbhit())
        {
          show_mouse();
          get_mouse_pos(&x1,&y1,&button);
 
          if(button==1)
          {
            hide_mouse();
 
            x2=x1;
            y2=y1;
 
           save(x1,y1,x2,y2);
           line(x1,y1,x2,y2);
 
           prevx2=x2;
           prevy2=y2;
 
          get_mouse_pos(&x2,&y2,&button);
 
          while(button==1)
               {
            if(x2!=prevx2 || y2!=prevy2)
            {
          setcolor(BLACK);
              line(x1,y1,prevx2,prevy2);
            x=x1<prevx2?x1:prevx2;
                y=y1<prevy2?y1:prevy2;
                restore(x,y);
              setcolor(WHITE);
            save(x1,y1,x2,y2);
            line(x1,y1,x2,y2);
            prevx2=x2;
            prevy2=y2;
           }
           get_mouse_pos(&x2,&y2,&button);
             }
         farfree(p);
       }
       }
        restorecrtmode();
       }
 
      show_mouse()
       {
       i.x.ax=1;
       int86(0x33,&i,&o);
       }
 
      hide_mouse()
      {
        i.x.ax=2;
           int86(0x33,&i,&o);
      }
 
      get_mouse_pos(int *x,int *y,int *button)
      {
          i.x.ax=3;
          int86(0x33,&i,&o);
 
          *x=o.x.cx;
          *y=o.x.dx;
          *button=o.x.bx&1;
        }
 
      save(int x1,int y1,int x2,int y2)
      {
          unsigned area;
 
          area=imagesize(x1,y1,x2,y2);
          p=farmalloc(area);
 
          if(p==NULL)
          {
             restorecrtmode();
             printf("No Memory...");
            exit();
          }
 
         getimage(x1,y1,x2,y2,p);
       }
 
       restore(int x1,int y1)
       {
      putimage(x1,y1,p,OR_PUT);
      farfree(p);
       }
When drawing lines interactively,we must make sure that the currently drawn line doesn't wipe off already drawn lines when it intersects them.In order to do that,the above program uses save and restore functions.These two functions captures and restores screen contents.

Source: https://www.geocities.com/rk_page/
prabhat kumar

prabhat kumar

Branch Unspecified
10 years ago
thanks for example given by u.
rajivnayan

rajivnayan

Branch Unspecified
9 years ago
hi
i am working on a project which combine hardware and software.
i have to control a robotic arm with the help of mouse through parallel port. it will be having 3 dimensional movement.i m not using any microcontroller, just motor driving IC. parallel port ll be taken as input for IC to drive motor. i need some help guys😕😕😕
shiva1533

shiva1533

Branch Unspecified
9 years ago
its really good.try to do the program an u really got the knowlege😁
rajivnayan

rajivnayan

Branch Unspecified
9 years ago
i did the programming part...
now interfacing with d robot arm is left...
sureshHARDIYA

sureshHARDIYA

Branch Unspecified
8 years ago
Hello there, I am working on a project of C. I have made two buttons using bar function- "YES " and "NO". i want the program to divert to another module if yes is pressed and to another module if y is pressed. please help me with the code. i m new to programming with c in mouse.
sureshHARDIYA

sureshHARDIYA

Branch Unspecified
8 years ago
i am doing a small project in C. and have made a button to go to next module. when i click it, the program diverts to next module and when i click back,,,it does not divert to original module. please suggest,,how to do...
6 years ago
rajivnayan
hi
i am working on a project which combine hardware and software.
i have to control a robotic arm with the help of mouse through parallel port. it will be having 3 dimensional movement.i m not using any microcontroller, just motor driving IC. parallel port ll be taken as input for IC to drive motor. i need some help guys😕😕😕
Please start a new thread. And close this thread The_Big_K! 😀

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