GRE Vocabulary - Words Related to Geography

Accretion - Gradual addition of new land to old by deposit of sediment carried by water.

Alluvial -
A deposit of clay, silt, sand, and gravel left by flowing streams in a river valley or delta, typically producing fertile soil

Alpine -
A plant native to mountain districts, often suitable for growing in rock gardens
- Of or relating to high mountains

Apex -
The top or highest part of something, esp. one forming a point

Avulsion -
The sudden separation of land from one property and its attachment to another, esp. by flooding or a change in the course of a river.

Benthal -
of or relating to or happening on the bottom under a body of water.

Caldera -
A large volcanic crater, typically one formed by a major eruption leading to the collapse of the mouth of the volcano.

Cataract -
A large waterfall.
- A sudden rush of water; a downpour.

Confluence -
The junction of two rivers, esp. rivers of approximately equal width.

Eddy -

Verb: (of water, air, or smoke) Move in a circular way.
Noun: A movement of water, counter to a main current, causing a small whirlpool.

Estuary -
The tidal mouth of a river, where the tide meets the stream.

Meridian -
A circle of constant longitude passing through a given place on the earth's surface and the terrestrial poles.

Sedimentary -
Related to Matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid; dregs.

Tundra -
A vast, flat, treeless Arctic region of Europe, Asia, and North America in which the subsoil is permanently frozen.


  • Ankita Katdare
    Ankita Katdare
    I found some more:

    Copse -
    A small group of trees.

    - small hill or mound

    Gorge - A narrow valley between hills or mountains, typically with steep rocky walls and a stream running through it.

    Cove -
    A small sheltered bay.

    PS: It would be great if you add more such words to this list.

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