Encoder data: How to interpret encoder data from a motor going into the PIC16F877?

I'm not sure exactly how to interpret encoder data from a motor going into the PIC16F877. From the data sheet it looks like there is a channel A and B that generate square pulses that are 90 degrees out of phase with each other. I think they're out of phase so you can determine the direction of rotation. There is also a channel 'I' but I'm not sure what that does. It says it's TTL compatible so I think I can directly feed it into the PIC on a pin configured for input. Then do I periodically just count how many pulses I get in a given time period? It would be nice if I could get this process to run in the background because it seems like it would prevent the PIC from handling other tasks for a long time while it counts pulses. On the data sheet it says 512 lines per revolution. Is that the same thing as 512 pulses per revolution? Here is a link to the data sheet for the encoder I plan on using: #-Link-Snipped-# It's the IE2-512. Thanks for any programming tips or suggestions on how I go about doing this.

Replies

  • reachrkata
    reachrkata
    Re: Encoder data: How to interpret encoder data from a motor going into the PIC16F877

    An Encoder normally works like this.

    1) Channel A is connected to a processor interrupt for LOW->HIGH transition.

    2) When the interrupt is detected, the status of Channel B is read. If Channel B is LOW, this means that the encoder was turned one step in Clockwise. If Channel B is High, then the encoder was turned one step anticlockwise.

    3) You can maintain a counter variable which counts +1 for each clockwise and -1 for each anticlockwise.

    4) In the case of IE2-512, there are 512 encoder steps in 1 turn (360deg) of the encoder.

    I hope this clarifies eveything.

    -Karthik
    😁
  • el3ktr1k
    el3ktr1k
    Re: Encoder data: How to interpret encoder data from a motor going into the PIC16F877

    Is the encoder continuously sending data and I just have to chose a time period when to sample the data or is the data sent at specified time intervals? If I have to chose the time interval that I'm counting the steps, do I use TMR1 to let me know how much time has passed? Thank you for your help.
  • reachrkata
    reachrkata
    Re: Encoder data: How to interpret encoder data from a motor going into the PIC16F877

    No the encoder doesn't send data continuously. It only sends pulses when you turn it.

    As I specified previously, you can maintain a counter to count the encoder turns in the Interrupt Service routine. In parallel, you can also configure an internal timer for sampling. After the timer time-out, just do what you want to do with the present counter value and then reset the counter to zero.

    -Karthik
  • KINETIC_JOULES
    KINETIC_JOULES
    Re: Encoder data: How to interpret encoder data from a motor going into the PIC16F877

    -Is confused-

You are reading an archived discussion.

Related Posts

Hi, how many people here are from materials science discipline and have done project in materials science? Plz reply...;-)
hey guys i'm doing a project in the field of ad hoc networks. i'm just a beginner and have no experience/knowledge in the field of networking/adhocs. i hv searched a...
Dear High Voltage and Low Voltage Engineers, Its really happy to meet all of us under this forum. I am GM having experince of 8 years in Industry and Edu....
hi. if anybody has any links relating to " dtection of tampering in images" which can be implemented using MATLAB, please post them here... any help will be highly appreciated...
How we can create an installation package for a project of visual basic. That means if i have a VB project ready and i want to make an installation package...