Civil Engineering Questions
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Ali Hamza
Ali Hamza
13 Jan 2019

What are the basic types of tiles?

Tiles are a very important construction material in the civil engineering and it has vast applications in the field of engineering. The basic types of types are explained below :

Earthenware tiles:

These are the tiles that comprise of fired /baked tiles made from mud, clay and  earth (soil). These tiles are quite porous in nature and are often used indoors. Ancient (earlier) types of such tiles were also called Terracotta tiles.

Wooden tiles:

These are made out of original (raw) wood, manufactured ply boards, artificial wood, etc. and are used for all kind of ceilings, floors, claddings, etc.

Cement / Concrete tiles:

These are the tiles that are made from cement mortar and/or cement concrete along with certain admixtures, coloring agents and patterns. Most commonly used cement tiles are the checkered & pattern tiles that are used to furnish the walkways, driveways, parking, open public areas and the likes. These tiles are used for heavy public traffic areas due to their higher ruggedness.

Ceramic tiles: 

This is perhaps one of the mostpopular choices amongst all types of tiles. It is madeout of the combination of sand, gypsum and shale.These three items form into clay.Bisque (smooth, creamy, highly seasoned soup of French origin) is utilised in order to shape the clay and form the ceramic tiles. The higher the temperature inthe bisque, the more durable the output will be.Since the output is kind of porous, glazing is usuallyneeded. The glaze adds up to the beauty of the output.From there, the ceramic tile is formed into different designs and colours.

Glass tiles:

Glass tiles are pieces of glass formed into consistent shapes.Since the 1990s a variety of modern glass tile technologies,including methods to take used glass and recreate it as green‟tiles, has resulted in a resurgence of interest in glass tile as afloor and wall cladding. It is now commonly used in kitchens,spas, and bathrooms. Small tiles are still popular but largeformat glass products are now commonly formed using castand fused glass methods. The plasticity of these last twomethods has resulted in a wide variety of looks and applications,including floor tiles.